How to Create a Reliable Backup in Synology NAS

In this article, we will discuss creating a configuration backup for Synology Disk Station Manager (DSM) and network storage data backup, as well as restoring data from a backup on Synology Network Attached Storage (NAS).

How to Create a Reliable Backup in Synology NAS

In the present-day world, where digital data is of key importance, safety and integrity of information is becoming more and more crucial. Family photos or important files for work – any loss of data may become a disaster. In this context, ensuring reliable backup options becomes an integral part of a comprehensive data safety strategy.

But how can we choose an appropriate backup tool that would combine reliability and ease of use? One of the options to be covered in today’s video is using default backup features integrated into an operating system. Synology DSM both provides a wide range of data management tools and ensures safe data storage. We will also explore how to configure data backup on Synology DSM with the help of Hyper Backup, how to back up the system using its integrated features, and how to restore Synology NAS data and configuration status. We’ll have a closer look at every step, main functions, and detailed backup configuration – all of these to ensure the best possible level of data protection.

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Getting ready for backup

Let’s start by exploring how to get ready for backup. The first step on the way to an effective backup system on Synology DSM is creating a Synology account.

Synology official website

This account will be used to access DSM (DiskStation Manager), the main Synology operating system.

  • To do it, go to Synology official website.

  • Click on the link Create a Synology Account.

  • Fill in all required information such as your email address, password and other credentials.

    Creating a Synology account
  • Confirm your account by checking the email you have received and following the instructions in it.

Configuring DiskStation Manager (DSM)

After successful registration and confirmation of your account, let’s configure DSM to get Synology ready for backup operations.

  • Sign in to your Synology account using the email address and password.
  • Go to DSM (DiskStation Manager).
  • Check for DSM updates and install them if any are available to make sure your system is up-to-date.

How to backup Synology DSM configuration

For starters, let’s explore how to back up Synology DSM configuration. Open Control PanelUpdate & Restore.

Synology DSM Control Panel – Update & Restore

Jump to the tab Configuration Backup and click Back up configuration.

Configuration Backup

After that, you will see the list of configurations to be included into this backup. Click Yes to continue. The backup archive will be downloaded to your computer.

Backup configuration list

For recovery, go back to the same Control Panel menu and click Restore configuration. After that, give the path to the backup file and click OK. This will load the old configuration again.

Restoring Synology DSM configuration from backup

This way, you can restore an old configuration on a new device. However, you should understand that DSM versions of both systems must be the same, otherwise the recovery attempt will end in a failure.

Installing Hyper Backup

Another backup method involves a special utility – Hyper Backup. This is a free tool to help you configure data backup on your network storage system. To start backing up your Synology DSM, make sure that the utility is installed and ready to use.

For installation, go to Package Center in DSM. Use the Search field to find Hyper Backup. Install the utility by following the instructions.

Installing Hyper Backup

Now Synology DSM is ready to create reliable copies of your data with Hyper Backup. It is a powerful application for Synology DSM designed to create and manage data backups. It provides the necessary flexibility and reliability to store your information. Open the Hyper Backup app on your Synology device. Let’s start by clicking on the Plus button and creating a Data backup task. This app offers you two ways to back up your stuff: a data backup task and a LUN backup task.

Choose backup options
  • Data backup task means copying folders from your storage device.
  • LUN backup task means copying network drives.

Creating a Data backup task.

Click on Data backup task.

Choose the destination for backup

In a new window that opens, choose the backup destination:

  • Synology C2 Storage, a backup to Synology cloud service.
  • Remote NAS device – you can save a backup to another network storage system.
  • Local folder or USB (Local folder & USB).
  • Local folder or USB (Local folder & USB single-version). These two options differ by how data is stored: the first option means you create a full copy first, and other copies will only contain changes made at a later time. The second option means you will create and store a series of full copies.

Now let’s explore each storage method in detail.

Synology C2 Storage

For starters, choose Synology C2 StorageNext, and sign in to your Synology account.

Synology C2 Storage

Synology C2 Storage is the cloud storage provided by Synology itself.

This service is commercial, and you can have a free trial period to see how it works. Choose your subscription and click Next.

Choose your subscription

Now you need to select a folder for backup.

Choose a folder for backup

Configure backup schedule.

Configure backup schedule

After that you can start the backup process. Click to back up now.

Back up to the cloud

When the file is ready, it will be uploaded to the cloud service.

The backup is ready

Remote NAS device

If you have one more network-attached storage, you can configure your backups to be saved to that device.

Back up data to another NAS

Specify the storage IP address, the username and password. Remember that the target device should have its backup feature activated. If this is a Synology device, install the Hyper Backup Vault package.

After that, select a shared folder on the target device and choose a directory – Next.

Give settings of the second NAS

Now select the folder which should be backed up and click Next; if necessary, add applications to your backup, and click Next.

Select the folder which should be backed up

Add application backup – Next. Configure backup schedule and click Next, then Done.

Configure backup schedule

Back up now? – Yes.

Backing up to another NAS

After that, your backup will be created.

Local folder & USB

Another backup type is back up to a local folder. In this case, the copy of your data will be stored on the same device.

Local folder & USB

You should select a target folder where the backup file should be stored, and choose the folder which should be backed up.

Choose the folder to back up

Add application backup and configure the schedule. After that, you will see the same message as in the previous backup method. Click Yes to create a backup.

Creating a local backup

Rsync

Another backup method is File Server. Rsync is the option that lets you save a copy of your data to another Synology NAS in your network.

Rsync

The settings are similar to those I have shown you when we were connecting to another NAS system. You’ll have to give your IP address and user credentials. After that, the shared folder and the folder you need to back up. Add applications and configure the schedule.

Back up now? – Yes.

A few more cloud servers

WebDAV is an extension to the HTTP protocol which provides functionality for networking with files on remote servers. It lets you save copies of your data to a remote web server.

WebDAV

You’ll have to give your IP address, folders, and user credentials.

Also, you can save your backups with the help of OpenStack Swift.

OpenStack Swift is an Object Storage module in an OpenStack framework.

S3 Storage by Amazon. Here, you need to select the server where your cloud storage is configured, type your access key, secret key, bucket name, and directory.

S3 storage by Amazon

You can also upload your data backup to Dropbox or Google Drive. This way is very easy: sign in to your account, allow Hyper Backup to access this service, and provide permissions. After that, just choose your folders and save their backups.

DropBox

Also, if you have an account with any of the following services – HiDrive, JD Cloud, Microsoft Azure, Rackspace, hicloud S3, hubiC – you can keep your backup files there – their settings are very easy to understand.

The source data can be a whole volume or a few specific folders that you would like to include into your backup.

In each of the backup settings, you can edit the schedule, specific folders, application data, and other things.

When configuring your options in Hyper Backup, you can choose one of these cloud services depending on your needs and preferences. Just remember that before doing that, you must ensure compatibility and safety of a certain cloud service provider.

How to restore data from a backup.

Now that you have a backup file, you can recover data on Synology DSM. As a result, you’ll be able to restore deleted files, recover your system after a failure, or even transfer your data to a new device.

Open the Hyper Backup app on your Synology device. In the menu, click on the Restore button. Now select the source backup.

Source backup

From the list of available backups, choose the one you’d like to use for data restoration. This could be a specific point in time or a specific file. Now choose the destination. Select where you want to restore your data. This could be the original destination of this data, or any other directory on your storage device.

Choose where to restore data

Depending on your choice, additional restoration settings may be available. For example, you can choose to retore either all data, or specific files and folders only. To start the restoration, click Next.

Restoration from a backup

Hyper Backup will display the restoration progress and you’ll be able to see which data is already restored. When it’s over, you’ll see a window saying that your data has been restored successfully.

The restoration process is complete

So, this is how we have restored deleted data from a backup. It is important to remember that backing up your data regularly helps you maintain safety and accessibility of all your information.

Conclusion

So, today we have explored how to back up the operating system, its data, and how to restore files from a backup file. Checking your backups regularly will help to ensure that your data is protected safely, and information can be restored easily, if necessary.

Remember that backups are a key element in the strategy to ensure the safety of your files, and Hyper Backup gives you an effective and convenient way to manage this process.

If you ever have any issues in restoring files from your backup, a backup file is damaged or missing, you can always restore data accidentally removed from a Synology-based RAID system as long as you have a dedicated tool – Hetman RAID Recovery.

Recover data from damaged RAID arrays inaccessible from a computer.
The recovery process is complete

Hetman RAID Recovery will help you recover data if your RAID has crashed, if you deleted files accidentally, or if the disks inside your RAID have been formatted. The program will automatically rebuild the damaged RAID with the available hard disks and display its contents.

Data recovery

To recover your files, start the scan and wait until it’s over. After that, open the folder where the lost files were stored, and recover them.

Vladimir Artiukh

Author: , Technical Writer

Vladimir Artiukh is a technical writer for Hetman Software, as well as the voice and face of their English-speaking YouTube channel, Hetman Software: Data Recovery for Windows. He handles tutorials, how-tos, and detailed reviews on how the company’s tools work with all kinds of data storage devices.

Oleg Afonin

Editor: , Technical Writer

Oleg Afonin is an expert in mobile forensics, data recovery and computer systems. He often attends large data security conferences, and writes several blogs for such resources as xaker.ru, Elcomsoft and Habr. In addition to his online activities, Oleg’s articles are also published in professional magazines. Also, Oleg Afonin is the co-author of a well-known book, Mobile Forensics - Advanced Investigative Strategies.

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